Seal of the State of Nevada

WHEREAS, on July 28, 1866, after the end of the Civil War, Congress enacted legislation that allowed African-American men to serve in six segregated units in the United States Army during peacetime; and

WHEREAS, these new units, which consisted of former slaves and African-American soldiers that fought in the Civil War, were the 9th and 10th Cavalry, and the 38th, 39th, 40th and 41st Infantry, which were later reorganized as the 24th and 25th Infantry; and

WHEREAS, these soldiers were nicknamed ‘Buffalo Soldiers’ by the Native Americans against whom they fought because of their reputation for toughness and bravery in battle and the buffalo fur coats they wore in the winter; and

WHEREAS, throughout the era of the Indian Wars, Buffalo Soldiers were posted from Montana in the Northwest to Texas, New Mexico and Arizona in the Southwest, making up approximately 20 percent of the United States Cavalry troops; and

WHEREAS, besides their impressive military contributions, the Buffalo Soldiers also had a significant role in the expansion of the West by escorting settlers, cattle herds and railroad crews, exploring and mapping vast areas of the Southwest, and stringing hundreds of miles of telegraph lines; and

WHEREAS, the Buffalo Soldiers were some of the first park rangers in the national parks of the Sierra Nevada, where they protected the parks from illegal grazing, poaching, timber thieves and forest fires, and helped build roads and trails in the parks for the enjoyment of all Americans; and

WHEREAS, Buffalo Soldiers also served courageously during World War I and World War II, and African-Americans have served with honor in every American war; and

WHEREAS, Buffalo Soldiers had the lowest military desertion and court-martial rates of their time and it is important to honor the dedication and sacrifices of the Buffalo Soldiers, recognize the contributions they have made to the State of Nevada and to the United States, and preserve their legacy; and

WHEREAS, Buffalo Soldiers received the Congressional Medal of Honor, which is the highest military distinction awarded in the name of Congress to members of the armed forces for bravery and service; and

WHEREAS, in 1948, President Harry Truman issued Executive Order 9981 eliminating racial segregation in America’s armed forces, and the last all-black units were disbanded during the 1950s; and

WHEREAS, as we salute those courageous African-American warriors who served with honor, often while struggling against racism, bigotry, and discrimination, we celebrate the service of the veterans who carry on their legacy; the African American Soldiers, Marines, Sailors, Airmen and Women, and members of the Coast Guard who continue to serve with distinction;



Footer State Seal

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the Great Seal of the State of Nevada to be affixed at the State Capitol in Carson City, this 21st day of July 2020

Governor's signature